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Structured Cabling System: Types, Subsystems, Standards & Uses

In a world of wireless networking, cabling systems are one of the most critical aspects for administrating networks. It may come as a surprise that along with subsystems, the structured cabling system serves as the backbone for efficient communication in data centers, corporate, and other sites facilitating data flow. Proper design and implementation of structured cabling systems are essential to ensure seamless, reliable, and secure data transmission. Join us as we explore the framework for successful data cabling has six subsystems. Understanding their types, subsystems, standards, and uses can help organizations achieve an effective structured cabling system to cater for their specific needs.

What is a Structured Cabling System?

Structured cabling is a telecommunication infrastructure designed to provide connectivity support to numerous devices. A structured cabling system commonly known as a standardized cabling system consists of smaller elements known as subsystems. flexibility and high performance there is a huge demand for this kind of solution in corporate facilities, data centers, and other sectors facilitating data flow.

Here’s what makes a structured cabling system:

A structured cabling system consists of several components that work together to create an organized and efficient network infrastructure.

These components include:

  • Entrance Facilities: This is the point where the external cabling from the service provider enters the building or campus.
  • Equipment Room: This is the central location where the network equipment, such as servers, switches, and routers, are housed.
  • Backbone Cabling: It refers to the cables that connect the equipment room to the telecommunications rooms or other areas within the building. It provides the main pathway for data transmission.
  • Telecommunications Room: These are intermediate distribution points throughout the building where network connections are made. They house patch panels, switches, and other equipment.
  • Horizontal Cabling: This refers to the cables that connect the telecommunications rooms to the individual work areas or devices, such as computers or phones.
  • Work Area: This is the final point of connection where devices are connected to the network, such as computers, printers, or telephones.

In addition to these components, other elements like patch panels, data jacks, cross-connect cables, cable trays, and raceways are used to manage and organize the cabling system.

It’s important to note that structured cabling follows the ANSI/TIA-568 standard, which is jointly set by the Telecommunications and Digital Government Regulatory Authority in UAE.

What are the Types of Cables used in the Structured Cabling System?

There are 3 types of cables employed to support efficient and reliable data and telecommunications networks.

Twisted-pair copper cables

These are commonly used for voice and data transmission. They consist of pairs of insulated copper wires twisted together to reduce electromagnetic interference. They are cost-effective and suitable for shorter distances.

Fiber optic cables

On the other hand, offer high bandwidth and secure transmission. They use thin strands of glass or plastic to transmit data as pulses of light, providing faster speeds and longer distances compared to copper cables. Fiber optic cables are ideal for long-range and high-speed connections.

Coaxial cables

This cable feature a central conductor surrounded by an insulating layer, a metallic shield, and an outer jacket. They are often used for cable television, video surveillance systems, and high-frequency data transmission.

Subsystems of a Structured Cabling System

Structured cabling system consists of six different subsystems (components). These subsystems work together as a single unit to serve your data and networking needs. If a single subsystem fails to function, then the rest of the unit will fail to perform. These subsystems/components of a cabling system are highly adhesive and inter-connected.

  • Entrance Facilities: Contains cables, network demarcation point(s), connecting hardware, and protection devices that connect to the access provider or private network cabling.
  • Equipment Room: Houses the network equipment and servers.
  • Backbone Cabling: Connects the equipment room to the telecommunications rooms and provides high-speed connectivity between them.
  • Telecommunications Room: Serves as intermediate distribution points for network connections.
  • Horizontal Cabling: Connects the telecommunications rooms to the work area components.
  • Work Area: The physical location where end-user devices are connected to the network.

TDRA’s Regulatory Standards Structured Cabling (هيئة تنظيم الاتصالات والحكومة الرقمية)

TDRA’s Regulatory Standards for Structured Cabling include the following required standards:

  • ANSI/TIA-568-C.0: Generic Telecommunications Cabling for Customer Premises.
  • ANSI/TIA-568-C.1: Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard.
  • ANSI/TIA-568-C.2: Balanced Twisted-Pair Telecommunications Cabling and Components Standard.
  • ANSI/TIA-568-C.3: Optical Fiber Cabling Components Standard.
  • ANSI/TIA-606-B: Administration Standard for Telecommunications Infrastructure.
  • ANSI/TIA-607-C: Generic Telecommunications Bonding and Grounding (Earthing) for Customer Premises.
  • ANSI/TIA-942-B: Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers.
  • ISO/IEC 11801: Information Technology – Generic Cabling for Customer Premises.
  • ISO/IEC 14763-2: Information Technology – Implementation and Operation of Customer Premises Cabling.
  • ISO/IEC 24764: Information Technology – Generic Cabling Systems for Data Centers.
  • EN 50173: Information Technology – Generic Cabling Systems.
  • EN 50174: Information Technology – Installation Cabling.
  • EN 50310: Information Technology – Installation Requirements for Telecommunications Cabling.

Applications of Structured Cabling

Large Data Centers: Structured cabling supports data centers in managing and transmitting large amounts of data efficiently and reliably.

Network Cabling: It enables seamless connectivity between various devices, making it ideal for the increasing demand for connectivity due to the Internet of Things (IoT).

Security Purposes: Structured cabling is essential for connecting surveillance equipment and control sensors, enhancing the home security alarm system or the security of sensitive data in businesses.

Distributed Antenna Systems: Used to provide Wi-Fi service to employees in large businesses, structured cabling ensures effective mass notifications and data transmission.

Upgrade your network with Iron Logic Systems Structured Cabling Solutions in UAE

Our experienced structured cabling installers provide customized installation services, ensuring seamless connectivity and enhanced security. Trust us to future-proof your IT network capabilities with our range of smart security solutions and new-age technologies. Elevate your network infrastructure today.

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